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意大利米蘭“垂直森林” / Bosco Verticale by Boeri Studio建筑設計/居住建筑/住區
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設計說明:
不久的將來,有“世界時尚與設計之都”美譽的意大利米蘭將聳立起兩座摩天“樹塔”,這將是世界上第一對綠色公寓。在分別高365英尺(約111.25米)和260英尺(約79.28米)的姐妹樓,會沿著外墻體、層層種下共730棵喬木、5000株灌木和1.1萬株草本植物,故兩座建筑又被稱為“垂直森林”。
這對被命名為“垂直森林”的建筑是著名建筑設計所“博埃里工作室”的負責人、現年35歲的米歇爾·布魯內洛從2006年開始設計的,其靈感來自一次植樹活動。布魯內洛說:“為什么不能將平鋪的森林立起來,在寸土寸金的大城市里建造一個人與自然共同的家呢?”
設計師希望這對姐妹樓能夠降低城市交通污染,也為當地居民遮擋地中海的炎炎烈日,并可以隨季節的變化而自然改變建筑外觀——春天綠意青蔥,秋天五彩斑斕。“摩天森林”的居民將不僅僅是人類和植物,通常以米蘭各個廣場為家的鳥類、昆蟲及小動物們也將居住于此。
這是兩棟高層住宅樓,這兩棟住宅樓的建設成為將建筑和自然元素相結合的又一典范,同時有助于增加城市生物多樣性。這兩棟樓高度分別是110米和76米,樓梯四周從下至上建了相互錯列的混凝土陽臺,這些陽臺就作為種植樹木的苗圃,里面種植了超過900株成年樹木,灌木等植物。他們一起將有可容納480大中的樹木,250小尺寸的樹木,11,000地被植物和5000棵灌木 - 相當于一公頃森林。這些植物高度各不相同,隨著高度不同,所選植被也根據抗風情況等條件進行了不同的分配。這樣,在這兩棟樓里的每戶住戶都能擁有一個私人花園,這樣的種植方式及縮減了城市里綠化植物占據的面積,又能起到很好的環保作用。

Bosco Verticale, by Boeri Studio (now recognized as Barreca & La Varra and Stefano Boeri Architetti), is a high-density tower block that experiments with the integration of a lush landscape within the facade of the architecture. The Vertical Forest, currently in construction in Milan, Italy, deal with the concept of regenerating the lost forests on the ground within the inhabitable space of buildings. The towers are 80 metres and 112 metres tall. Together they will have the capacity to hold 480 big and medium sized trees, 250 small size trees, 11,000 groundcover plants and 5,000 shrubs – the equivalent of a hectare of forest. For more on this project, follow us after the break.

Living on the facade as they do in the wild, the plants facilitate the same operations that a “smart facade” would. They filter out dust from the air, absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygenated air into the atmosphere and living quarters, while also providing shade and a micro-climate that cools the air in hot summer months.

This “recolonization” of the urban environment with biological growth generates a biodiversity that also creates a safe environment for animals that thrive on these plants as food and shelter. This brings life into areas of the city, life that is typically reserved for parks and gardens. The idea here is to generate environmental corridors. These environmental interventions also mitigate the build up of toxic gases in the environment and help purify the air in the urban atmosphere.

The selection and cultivation of plants for this project was highly considered, as well as the placement and distribution of plants among floors in order to create a successful irrigation system. As a whole, the building functions as its own type of ecological system working between both the landscape and the intricacies of housing design. The tower form of the buildings was chosen to help prevent against urban sprawl, providing residents with a private landscape within their apartments while offering the same advantages of living in a city. The proposal is the equivalent of 50,000 sq meters of forests and family houses in a sprawl setting.
技術經濟指標:
建筑師/Architects: Boeri Studio (Stefano Boeri, Gianandrea Barreca, Giovanni La Varra)
地點/Location: Milan, Italy
設計階段/Design Phase: 2006 – 2008
施工階段/Construction Phase: 2008 – 2013
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